“A human being is a part of the whole called by us universe, a part limited in time and space. He experiences himself, his thoughts and feeling as something separated from the rest, a kind of optical delusion of his consciousness. This delusion is a kind of prison for us, restricting us to our personal desires and to affection for a few persons nearest to us. Our task must be to free ourselves from this prison by widening our circle of compassion to embrace all living creatures and the whole of nature in its beauty.” ~ Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein had a powerful internal motivation to explain how the universe and the quantum particles of our physical objects form. He wasn’t able to put this into mathematical expression. However, his contributions still amaze us. This post came together because although I didn’t want to take much time at first with it — when I received a comment and more interest than I’d expected, I decided to put more work into it. I do things like this sometimes with posts… it isn’t word-pressing of the normal sort but these articles really are mostly for me and those closest to me — I share here for reasons additional to public blogging.
I think (speculate) that Einstein “knew” that equations that he presented were from a greater consciousness than he alone; the inside workings of his fascination with reality that this inner vision, uniquely his to share, was from the source of his nature, to become a science for all of us in our shared reality. Perception then was as important to him as it is becoming in this modern age of exploring an inner shift and a great awakening. What sense we have in three dimensional reality is as difficult for us to understand as was a grand-unified theory for Einstein to explain.
I believe we are to pick up where Einstein left of — us all, together, coming to agreement that the outer reality is a mirror of sorts that, established here, in space-time as in a sense limiting us to the outer five senses while internally we have perhaps many softer, greater sixth senses.
I do my best to advance my own progress with these posts, while at the same time, making progress to advance understanding of our space-time universe. So, here I keep coming back to my initial inspirations with Einstein. While he is not the only scientist that I admire as deeply, his work is where I can be safely with this challenge to balance my inner knowing to what we perceive in our shared universe.
1905 was Albert Einstein’s year. While working as a patent clerk in Bern, Switzerland, Einstein submitted a supplement to his special theory of relativity of earlier that year. In it he derived the most famous equation of all time; E=MC²; energy is equal to mass multiplied by the speed of light squared.
The equation showed that mass and energy were related and that one could, in theory, be transformed into the other. But because the speed of light squared is such a huge number, it meant that even a small amount of mass could potentially be converted into a huge amount of energy.
Einstein – Birth Of God’s Equation (E=MC²)
Beginning in early disillusionment with religion, and developing an intense fascination with geometry, Einstein’s “theory of knowledge” moved him past the foundations of Newtonian physics to a development of his own theories of relativity, and later to opposition of some assumptions of quantum theory.
Einstein’s great original contribution to quantum theory (1905) was just the recognition of how physical phenomena like the photo-effect may depend directly on individual quantum effects. He demonstrated step-by-step the conclusion that any radiation process involves the emission or absorption of individual light quanta or “photons” with energy and momentum (it was of great interest for me to review how human vision works).
E = hf and P = hs
h is Planck’s constant, while f and s are the number of vibrations per unit time and the number of waves per unit length
In 1909, Albert Einstein became associate professor of theoretical physics at Zurich, in 1911 professor of theoretical physics at the German University in Prague and then returned to the Institute of Technology in Zurich the following year. In 1914, he was appointed director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physics in Berlin. He became a German citizen in the same year. In 1916 he published his theory of general relativity.
“When I was a fairly precocious young man I became thoroughly impressed with the futility of hopes and striving that chase most men restlessly through life. Moreover, I soon discovered the cruelty of that chase, which in those years was much more carefully covered up by hypocrisy and glittering words than is the case today. . . . As the first way out there was religion, which is implanted into every child by way of the traditional education machine. Thus I came, though the child of entirely irreligious (Jewish) parents, to a deep religiousness, which, however, reached an abrupt end at the age of twelve.”
Albert Einstein built up his theory of gravity, general relativity, through a series of ‘thought experiments’ and mathematical proofs. In 1915 he showed that gravity is caused by objects with mass such as planets and stars warping space-time. For example, the Earth is caught in the curve in space-time caused by the Sun, and the Moon is caught in a warp created by the Earth.
Similarly light is bent when it passes massive objects like galaxies (it was of great interest for me to review how our human brain works to assemble an inner awareness of the outer physical universe that we can perceive by this both to limit our perceptions and also allow altering these internally — thus the benefits of changing how I perceive reality by seeking internally the humility of staying with my inner sense of confusions and upsets became essential to me).
Einstein’s theory has important astrophysical implications. For example, it implies the existence of black holes—regions of space in which space and time are distorted in such a way that nothing, not even light, can escape—as an end-state for massive stars.
There is ample evidence that the intense radiation emitted by certain kinds of astronomical objects is due to black holes; for example, micro-quasars and active galactic nuclei result from the presence of stellar black holes and black holes of a much more massive type, respectively.
The bending of light by gravity can lead to the phenomenon of gravitational lensing, in which multiple images of the same distant astronomical object are visible in the sky.
General relativity also predicts the existence of gravitational waves, which have since been observed indirectly; a direct measurement is the aim of projects such as LIGO and NASA/ESA Laser Interferometer Space Antenna and various pulsar timing arrays. In addition, general relativity is the basis of current cosmological models of a consistently expanding universe.
Einstein received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect and his work in the field of theoretical physics.
Einstein’s Theory Of Relativity
A really rare documentary about Einstein’s Theory of Relativity that changed our perception of reality and the workings of the Universe.
Time Since Einstein
Albert Einstein shattered previous ideas about time, but left many pivotal questions unanswered: Does time have a beginning? An end? Why does it move in only one direction? Is it real, or something our minds impose on reality? Journalist John Hockenberry leads a distinguished panel, including renowned physicist Sir Roger Penrose and prominent philosopher David Albert, as they explore the nature of time.
Over 100 years ago, Albert Einsteingrappled with the implications of his revolutionaryspecial theory of relativityand came to a startling conclusion: mass and energy are one, related by the formula E=MC². In “Einstein’s Big Idea,” NOVA dramatizes the remarkable story behind this equation. E=MC² was just one of several extraordinary breakthroughs that Einstein made in 1905, including the completion of his special theory of relativity, his identification of proof that atoms exist, and his explanation of the nature of light, which would win him the Nobel Prize in Physics. Among Einstein’s ideas, E=MC² is by far the most famous. Yet how many people know what it really means? In a thought-provoking and engrossing docudrama, NOVA illuminates this deceptively simple formula by unraveling the story of how it came to be. .
The astrophysicist speculates on where our science will be happening.
Question: Are Americans still leading in scientific innovation?
DeGrasse Tyson: If I put on my pure scientist hat as opposed to my American scientist hat, pure scientist hat, I say, if we don’t build the land, somebody else will and the science will get discovered. If we don’t explore the moons, somebody else will. It will get discovered. That’s one of the hallmarks of science that distinguishes it from art. In science, if you don’t do it, somebody else will. Whereas in art, if Beethoven didn’t compose the Ninth Symphony, no one else before or after is going to compose the Ninth Symphony that he composed, no one else is going to paint Starry Night by van Gogh. So science, when done properly, is never owned by one nation or another. .
So… That’s what happened with particle physics in America. We were building the largest super collider ever was, the Superconducting Super Collider, to be based in Texas. Two hundred mile circumference ring, we accelerate particles, smash them and explore the conditions that were common in the early universe. That budget got cancelled by congress as we were winding down out of the Cold War. So no longer was the physicist [IB] the way they were after the Second World War going into the Cold War because it was the innovations of physicists that created the bomb in the Manhattan Project. Physics basically ended the war.
So, without a war, certainly without a Cold War, there is a question as to what the value of the Super Collider was to the nation. Now, I don’t know how many people you get to admit that fact but my [read] of history is that when nations spent huge amounts of money on things, it’s hardly ever for the pure value of exploration, there’s usually secondary motives. Primary motives that are presented secondarily like military, like economics or some other sort of factor that matters to national security.
So what happened? Europe took up the task. So, at CERN, which is the acronym for the super collider [The Large Hadron Collider], the European consortiumm super collider in Switzerland, they now have the most powerful collider in the world. They are the ones who are going to be probing the conditions near the Big Bang, not us.
So my pure scientist hat is I don’t care who does it as long it’s done, long as somebody does it. The American scientist in me, ’cause I’m born and raised in America and I care deeply for this nation, is I kind of prefer that we did it because I know we can.
If we weren’t wealthy or if we had… I’d say, you know, now is not the time. Let some other wealthier, more powerful nation do it than us. But is it time for me to say that? Are we really that poor? Are we really that… without means of a 3 trillion dollar budget to spend? It’s about the balance of that portfolio of spending that makes a nation, how much do you spend on art, health care, poverty, research and development, the veterans, military. You layout the portfolio, that is the country that you live in.
Three trillion is enough to buy, as far as I’m concerned, anything we want, anything we choose to. And so, I wish it was here because if we make it here, the opportunities arise here, the engineering opportunities, the engineering solutions to problem we never seen before, that then create a climate, a landscape of innovation that… I remember growing up, America had, like, the longest bridge, the longest tunnel, the fastest planes. And for awhile there, I thought, well, it’s just [bragging] rights, what are you doing. And then, I realize, in order to create the extremes of these technologies, you have to innovate.
You can’t just step there, it’s not… it’s hardly ever just make it a little longer. This was longer so it’s more stress on the structure, there’s… so we have to invent something new to accommodate this need or this desire. And there, [you know,] the seeds of innovation.
What is the most astounding scientific fact about the Universe — of all time?
Program Description Astrophysicist Dr. Neil DeGrasse Tyson is asked by a reader of TIME magazine, “What is the most astounding fact you can share with us about the Universe?” This was his answer. NOTE: I typed the transcript at the end of this post.
I posted several articles previously that highlight some tremendous accomplishments by Albert Einstein (listed below). This one is about dreams that Albert Einstein could not transform into a unifying theory for reality — evidence strongly indicates this was his greatest desire.
His work and the stimulation that he applied in vigorous debates and with encouragements for his colleagues did however make the pain tolerable.
First, lets review his momentum.
In 1905, Einstein published exceptional papers that proposed the existence of the photon as an elementary particle associated with electromagnetic radiation (light), detailed photoelectric effect, demonstrated the existence of atoms, wrote an introduction to special relativity, and published the paper that led to the famous E=MC² equation that defines matter as condensed energy. He continued work and in 1907, he developed the first quantum theory of specific heats and from 1907 to 1915, Einstein developed the theory of general relativity.
The Danish physicist, Niels Bohr provided in 1913 a quantum idea to explain the actions of electrons inside atoms. Einstein recognized that a quantum theory may be used to explain the characteristic light as emitted by atoms and that a great discovery had been made. He referred to Bohr’s work as “the highest form of musicality in the sphere of thought.”
In 1915, Einstein introduced the General Theory of Relativity. According to this revolutionary theory space and time are not Absolute. Space-time is not a fixed background for events. Instead, dynamic quantities of matter and energy form matter in ways that are unclear to this day. Einstein’s finding proves that space-time are defined within the universe — only. Further, his findings also prove matter is highly concentrated energy.
Matter is actually energy condensed to a slow vibration. Watch this:
With his famous equation E=MC², Albert Einstein proved that when you come right down to it everything in the universe is energy. Both in the physical plane of our reality of matter and the abstract reality of our mind are made up of energy patterns.
The concept of a universal energy flow is not a new one. The ancient Chinese called this flow chi; the ancient Hindus called it prana. The disciplines that developed in those two cultures – t’ai chi and yoga, respectively- are based on the art of tuning in to the flow of energy and using it to centre the self.
Particle physicists try to understand the nature of nature at the smallest scales possible. Today, we know that atoms do not represent the smallest unit of matter. Particles called quarks and leptons seem to be the fundamental building blocks – but perhaps there is something even smaller.
Empty space, we have discovered, is actually not empty at all.
Astrophysicists have found that less than 10 percent of the mass of the entire universe consists of the kind of “luminous” matter that we can see. What is the dark matter that makes up the rest of the universe? How can we find out? Though we understand many important properties of the fundamental building blocks of our universe, there are untold mysteries still to solve.
Advances in technology allow physicists to build more powerful and sophisticated instruments to look deeper and deeper inside matter. Like adventurers entering unknown territory, physicists forge ahead into ever smaller dimensions.
What will be their next discovery?
Spoken by Deepak Chopra
It took many years to finish and then prove general relativity. Indeed however, the effort paid off. The GPS on your phone couldn’t work without General Relativity. He made discovery possible for the mathematics of using redshifts (traces of movements) of distant galaxies to discover how the universe is expanding. General Relativity includes Einstein’s 10 field equations (EFE) that aided Monseigneur Georges Lemaître‘s proposal of what’s known as the Big Bang theory and also for predictions for the existence of black holes. Without his equations there would not be gravitational lensing that is presently being used to do research as to how dark matter may influence the universe. Other areas such a nuclear power and discovery of massive objects that distort space-time such as neutron stars that have too little luminosity also are managed because of Einstein’s General Relativity mathematics.
As Einstein was becoming aware of what was a new atomic theory, by 1915 having the Bohr (quantum) model of the atom, he understood that energy levels of electrons are predictably discrete and that electrons revolve in orbits around an atomic nucleus but that the electron can jump from one energy level (or orbit) to another. So, by 1916 Einstein devised a vastly improved fundamental statistical theory of heat that proved itself based on the quantum of energy. His theory predicted that as light passed through a substance it could stimulate the emission of more light. This effect is at the heart of the modern laser.
Einstein’s studies revealed the possibility of making a powerful light amplifier.
Modern lasers have thousands of practical applications based on this. Lasers are great aids in research as scientists explore theories and work further to discover the nature of our universe.
By 1925 a quantum theory of physics emerged by the collective creation of a generation of theoretical physicists from many nations. Scientists were collaborating and debating how to interpret the mechanics of quantum atoms. They already sensed the vast importance of the work they were doing.
Einstein took an active role in these discussions. Heisenberg, Bohr, and other creators of the theory insisted that the new theory provided for no meaningful way to discuss certain details of an atom’s behavior. For example, one could never predict the precise moment when an atom would emit a quantum of light. Einstein could not accept this lack of certainty; and he raised one objection after another. At the Solvay Conferences of 1927 and 1930 the debate between Bohr and Einstein went on day and night, neither man conceding defeat. Momentum slowed. Herein is the basis for the title.
Einstein was there at the 1927 conference of physics. So was Bohr and many other famous scientists. Said Einstein, “Quantum mechanics is certainly imposing. But an inner voice tells me that it is not yet the real thing. The theory says a lot, but does not really bring us closer to the secret of the ‘Old One.’ I, at any rate, am convinced that He is not playing at dice.”
However, by the mid 1930s, Einstein accepted quantum mechanics as a consistent theory for understanding behavior of atoms. He recognized that it was “the most successful physical theory of our time.” However, Einstein could not accept quantum mechanics as a completed theory since its mathematics did not describe individual events. He hoped his own general theory of relativity would benefit by his investigations of quantum mechanics.
The search for a unified theory would occupy much of the rest of his life. However, the unified theory still eludes scientist to this day. Yet, much has been our benefit as the science of the early 1900s is still generating stimulating interests, technology and scientific milestones.
Check back frequently. I love learning with you.
I hope everyone is enjoying my series on Einstein and its side tracks with me. Its been a great review for me and actually, its been helpful for some school children as well. Links to the other articles and a couple of side tacks are listed below.
What is the most astounding scientific
fact about the Universe — of all time?
“The most astounding fact… the most astounding fact is the knowledge; that the atoms comprise life on earth; the atoms that make up the human body, are traceable to the crucibles, that cooked light elements into heavy elements in their core, under extreme temperatures and pressures.
These stars, the high mass ones among them, went unstable in their later years. They collapsed and then exploded, scattering their enriched guts, across the galaxy.
Guts made of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and all the fundamental ingredients of life itself. These ingredients become part of gas clouds, that condense, collapse, form the next generation of solar systems – stars with orbiting planets and those planets now have ingredients for life itself.
So that when I look up at the night sky, and I know that yes, we are part of this universe, we are in this universe, but perhaps more important than both of those facts is that the universe is in us.
When I reflect on that fact, I look up – many people feel small, because they’re small and the universe is big, but I feel big; because my atoms, came from those stars.
There is a level of connectivity.
That’s really what you want in life, you want to feel connected, you want to feel relevant. You want to feel like your a participant in the goings on of activities and events around you. That’s precisely what we are, just by being alive.”
~ Neil DeGrasse Tyson
I just love what Tyson said in answer to this question.
This is a dramatization According to Einstein (but not exactly)
I want to keep this short. The video is of course only a dramatization of some of how Einstein diminished atheist philosophies. However, the little story is not complete. I’ll report just a bit of what he himself said regarding his beliefs.
Albert Einstein‘s religious views were reported comprehensively. He believed in the “pantheistic” God ofBaruch Spinoza, not in a personal god. Einstein had, “an attitude of humility corresponding to the weakness of our intellectual understanding of nature and of our own being.” 
Einstein says that he abandoned the faith of his early childhood:
“I came—though the child of entirely irreligious (Jewish) parents — to a deep religiousness, which, however, reached an abrupt end at the age of twelve. Through the reading of popular scientific books I soon reached the conviction that much in the stories of the Bible could not be true. The consequence was a positively fanatic orgy of freethinking coupled with the impression that youth is intentionally being deceived by the state through lies; it was a crushing impression. Mistrust of every kind of authority grew out of this experience, a skeptical attitude toward the convictions that were alive in any specific social environment — an attitude that has never again left me, even though, later on, it has been tempered by a better insight into the causal connections.
It is quite clear to me that the religious paradise of youth, which was thus lost, was a first attempt to free myself from the chains of the ‘merely personal,’ from an existence dominated by wishes, hopes, and primitive feelings.
Out yonder there was this huge world, which exists independently of us human beings and which stands before us like a great, eternal riddle, at least partially accessible to our inspection and thinking.
The contemplation of this world beckoned as a liberation, and I soon noticed that many a man whom I had learned to esteem and to admire had found inner freedom and security in its pursuit.
The mental grasp of this extra-personal world within the frame of our capabilities presented itself to my mind, half consciously, half unconsciously, as a supreme goal. Similarly motivated men of the present and of the past, as well as the insights they had achieved, were the friends who could not be lost. The road to this paradise was not as comfortable and alluring as the road to the religious paradise; but it has shown itself reliable, and I have never regretted having chosen it.” 
1 Isaacson, Walter (2008). Einstein: His Life and Universe. New York: Simon and Schuster, pp. 390 2 Einstein, Albert (1979). Autobiographical Notes. Chicago: Open Court Publishing Company, pp. 3-5
I read a lot more but the abovesummaryis all that I need to understand that Einstein was not an atheist. I’ll suppose that his scientific imagination materialized by nature of his rebellious personality.
Here is a video (longer) including the above information:
Thanks for learning with me. Come back often because there is lots more to learn.
Nothing in the universe is faster than the speed of light – or is it?
The curvature of space-time is related directly to energy and momentum of whatever matter and radiation are present (in space-time). This is specified by the Einstein field equations. Predictions of general relativity concern especially the passage of time, the geometry of space, the motion of bodies in free fall, and the propagation of light. The theory and other parts of relativity theory are used today in all calculations related to gravity and space-time and light. However, general relativity cannot be reconciled with the laws of quantum physics to produce a complete and self-consistent theory of quantum gravity.
Today, we’ll take a look at some of the possible unknowns that may contribute to finding Einstein’s theories lacking. For instance, we know that Einstein’s equations predict areas of space-time singularities and that paths of light and falling particles may come to an abrupt end in these places, thus causing problems as geometry of those areas becomes ill-defined, making calculations inaccurate. In general relativity, gravity perhaps is advancing with the universe expansion or at the speed of light — this isn’t clear yet. However, it also isn’t clear yet as to what the fabric of space-time is made from. Is the fabric there before particles of matter or is it expanding with the particles and with the galaxies that expand in space-time. Also, its not possible to create definitions for the total mass (or energy) of the universe, nor for the exact accelerating of the expansion.
So, maybe faster-than-light speed is not really impossible as the equations “proved.”
Senario 1: Warp Speed
Think MILLION miles per minute spaceships — or — no-movement spaceships — which is more likely? As it turns out, the latest ideas about super speed space travel are along the lines of developing a new technology that warps space-time. So, by cloaking a ship in a warped space-time fabric it can move to a different position in the universe at incredible speeds — faster than light — call it warp-drive; but actually the spaceship isn’t doing the moving, space-time moves and the ship just sits in a warp of space-time that gets moved along due to its wrapping in a fabric that isn’t held in place as other objects that are not so wrapped. It’s origin is science fiction but its being looked at as a future method for space travel.
NASA Claims Starships Traveling Faster-Than-Light May Be Possible
Program Description Scientists at NASA think that bending space and time is possible. This may allow space travel atfaster than lightspeed to different solar systems and galaxies. Youtube watch?= aqfkf0x8sqc
Is Warp Drive Possible?
Program Description The physics of space-time described by Einstein’sTheory of General Relativityallows space-time to become warped due to the relationship between matter/energy density and the gravitational field described by theEinstein Field Equations. Matter and Energy found in thelarge scale structure of the universecreates a positive torsion in space-time, causing the warping of space-time which is associated with the strength of the gravitational force. In quantum mechanics, zero point energy fluctuations can create negative energy density which should theoretically, in a large enough density, create a negative torsion on space-time. This knowledge itself is interesting, however the consequences of it could change our common sense notions of motion and provide a way to challenge the cosmic speed limit, the speed of light. In 1994,Miguel Alcubierredeveloped a geodesic equation to describe space-time warped in a bubble around a ship, creating a “warp drive.” The warp drive proposed byAlcubierrecould achieve near light speeds and even faster-than-light speeds by distorting space-time. To accomplish this, a theoretical device would generate a field of negative energy that would squeeze or stretch space-time, creating the bubble. The bubble would ride the distortions like a surfer on a wave. As evidenced by the uniformity of theCosmic Microwave Backgroundfrom the Big Bang, space-time can expand so quickly that objects can move faster than the speed of light. Therefore the current models of physics generally allow for the existence of a warp field that can accelerate objects faster than the speed of light. The real questions to ask is whether or not such a warp field can exist on macroscopic scales and if so can it remain is stable long enough to traverse a significant distance. Moreover it is unknown how it is technologically possible, i.e. under what conditions does matter allow for the creation of a negative energy density. Youtube watch?=dXyQ92SPWds
Scenario 2: Newly Found Super Speedy Particles Meantime, CERN scientists are working on faster than light application with the CERN particle accelerator.
Particles that travel faster than light?
Program Description Scientists at theConseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire (CERN) in Geneva say they have discoveredsub-atomic particles that move even faster than light speed. If proven, it will be more significant than the discovery of radioactivity. In fact, faster than light particles would put Einstein’s theories of relativity back on the physics to do list. Youtube watch=POiR5yEk3LA
A Unified Theory Of All of Physics Might Be Nice To Have
Einstein worked to unify quantum physics with his theories and was unable. The work has been taken up by science at hundreds of Universities and other organizations like CERN and NASA and by other private companies. So far, its been interesting but I’m out of space for now — so, come on back another day for part three of Einstein’s nightmares.
Thanks for learning with me.
Come back often because there is lots more to learn.
What started the big bang? What caused expansion to accelerate? What is the source of the mysterious dark energy that is apparently causing the universe to speed up its expansion? Maybe we are living inside a black hole…
Scientists trying to explain the universe’s accelerating expansion usually point to dark energy, which seems to be pushing everything apart. But an Indiana University professor has a new theory, reports New Scientist: We’re inside a black hole that exists in another universe.
Specifically, a black hole that rebounded, somewhat like a spring.
Some fairly mind-blowing physics is involved here, but the gist is that Nikodem Poplawski of IU-Bloomington used a modified version of Einstein’s general relativity equation set that takes particle spin into account. Including this variable makes it possible to calculate torsion, part of the geometry of space-time. It also gets rid of the black hole singularity, a phenomenon that general relativity cannot explain.
In a study published earlier this year, Poplawski said “When the density of matter reaches epic proportions, torsion counters gravity. This prevents matter from compressing indefinitely to a singularity of infinite density. Instead, matter rebounds like a spring, and starts expanding again.”
In Poplawski’s latest study, his calculations show that space-time inside the black hole expands to about 1.4 times its smallest size in as little as 10-46 seconds — two orders of magnitude faster, for lack of a better word, than the Planck time. This brisk bounce-back could have been what led to the expanding universe that we see today.
But here’s the real kicker: as Poplawski says, “We may not be living in our universe at all; we might be living inside a rebounded black hole that exists in a different universe. We could tell by measuring the preferred direction of our universe. A spinning black hole would have imparted some spin to the space-time inside it, which would violate a law of symmetry that links space and time. This might explain why neutrinos oscillate between their antimatter and regular-matter states.”
I like to think of this as “Einstein’s Loves” Its a full length feature from PBS NOVA.
Einstein’s Big Idea
Commercial free! YAY
Program Description Over 100 years ago, Albert Einstein grappled with the implications of his revolutionary special theory of relativity and came to a startling conclusion: mass and energy are one, related by the formula E = mc2. In “Einstein’s Big Idea,” NOVA dramatizes the remarkable story behind this equation. E = mc2 was just one of several extraordinary breakthroughs that Einstein made in 1905, including the completion of his special theory of relativity, his identification of proof that atoms exist, and his explanation of the nature of light, which would win him the Nobel Prize in Physics. Among Einstein’s ideas, E = mc2 is by far the most famous. Yet how many people know what it really means? In a thought-provoking and engrossing docudrama, NOVA illuminates this deceptively simple formula by unraveling the story of how it came to be.
“Gravitation is not responsible for people falling in love.”
Einstein was known for a few humorous comments regarding daily living.
To illustrate the effect, just image a very large ball and a much smaller ball rolling across elasticated cloth. The smaller ball will begin to move towards the larger ball since the cloth gives way more in that direction. By Einstein’s reckoning gravity is not a force, as Sir Isaac Newton speculated, but it is a consequence of the distortion of space and time. Any object distorts space-time and the bigger it is, the greater the effect.
The planets of our solar system are orbiting the Sun because they travel like everything in the universe at a high speed away from the point of origin towards the edges of the known universe and because the sun puts a huge dent in space-time. They are not being pulled by the Sun. They are following their course in a curved space-time deformation that is caused by the Sun.
The reason the planets never fall into the Sun is due to the speed at which they travel.
Rotation of a body causes a twist in nearby space-time.
It’s a bit much for the brain. But imagine the balls to be spinning tops. The elasticated cloth still gives way to a larger top more so than a smaller top. The smaller top moves toward the larger top. However, the tops, if they are projected straight ahead when thrown, keep on their general course away from the throw. The whole of the speeding objects and curvature and warping causes the rotations and spins and orbits and so on. WOW… we can’t probably follow in this thought experiment entirely — but its why the solar system keeps working as it is doing. This is why I say its a bit much for the brain. So, watch this:
Youtube watch?v=LoaOHvy5AcA video
I’m good with it. How about you? Watch it again if need be. Remember, we don’t have to take a test on this; you only need a basic understanding to move on.
This video is a more complete demonstration of the warps and curves of space-time:
Youtube watch?v=4yyb_RNJWUM video
Next, let’s look at how space-time or “the fourth dimension” works using some simple geometry. Again, I was able to find visual examples for you.
Is time uniformly ticking through-out the universe? Well, its not flat like a line from beginning to end — its got curves and ripples and its got bumps and mountains and its got valleys and its possibly got dead ends and so on — not straight like a line from a beginning to an end; not at all that way; yet, simple and yet, not uniform; no, not uniform. So, if one twin got into a futuristic spaceship for a 30 year trip straight out towards the next galaxy and back — what would be the outcome as far as time for the twins — one on Earth and the other traveling to the next galaxy and back?
Okeydokey… here goes:
The concept of time was thought always as starting at zero (a point) – for instance, usually, it is thought of as beginning at the time of the big bang in the physical universe.
Great… but according to research, a parallel universe may have no time dimension or its possible that time may be negative in a parallel universe. See, this is the problem with physics — it may be used to support any virtual possibility… hmm… not to worry on this for now, lets look at the possibility of time travel first. I’ll come back to the parallel universe idea in a future post.
There is another reason that I’ve written this — I’ll be getting into more about how space-time is also something that will yield incredible knowledge once it is out of our way. Here is a preview… give this a watch if you have about 10 more minutes:
Youtube watch?v=MN4KC_zlW4g video
For now, the lesson is about how time is relative. So, we’ve learned that travel backward in time is perhaps possible; even without a wormhole. Of course space travel is required and the trip would be lengthy in order for there to be enough time lapsed here while the travelers are in space for the change to be substantially significant. There will be technological and physiological problems yet to overcome as well. Yet, one day, someone may get to travel backwards in time just as illustrated. Imagine returning to Earth to be 5 or 10 or more years younger than a twin. That really would seem strange.
I hope that this may have been enjoyable and informative. I really do hope to get even better at making complex science of the universe easy to learn about, but I’m pretty happy with my progress. Comments, replies, and suggestions or constructive criticisms (or ping-backs) and so on are always welcomed here.
There is a reason that science can’t pronounce Schrodinger’s Cat dead or alive!Here is why: so, just for fun, think about it!Well, when the box is opened, if you look at the cat, a decision is final… only then is the cat found to be dead or alive. Otherwise, the quantum cat is either or neither… or, as was further suggested, the cat is both dead and alive. Now, this is STRANGE; to say the least. In another few installments, I want take this to some extremes. If you stick around, this cat puzzle will be only the tip of the huge unknown that is becoming known because of this very experiment. This strange thought experiment led to amazing discoveries about the properties of light, quarks, bosons, a time-space fabric, and lots more. Einstein probably can’t rest… its that exciting… so exciting that even grade school kids love learning about physics. This experiment led also to exploring the nature of consciousness and that is what I most want to explore.Strange but possibly true: